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What To Expect When House Training
Unless you can watch your puppy all day, don't expect the house training process to be completed until
your puppy is at least 6 months old. It's normal for a young puppy to be a little 'input-output' machine.
Since puppies are growing and developing rapidly at this stage, they eat more food, burn up more
energy and seem to need to eliminate constantly! They also have not yet developed bowel and
bladder control, so they can't 'hold it' as long as adult dogs.

House Training When You Are NOT Home
Confine your puppy to a small, 'puppy-proofed' room and paper the entire floor. Put his bed, toys and
food/water bowls there. At first there will be no rhyme or reason to where your pup eliminates. He will
go every where and any where. He will also probably play with the papers, chew on them, and drag
them around his little den. Most puppies do this and you just have to live with it. Don't get upset; just
accept it as life with a young puppy. The important thing is that when you get home, clean up the mess
and lay down fresh papers.

Passive House Training or Paper Training
While your puppy is confined, he is developing a habit of eliminating on paper because no matter
where he goes, it will be on paper. As time goes on, he will start to show a preferred place to do his
business. When this place is well established and the rest of the papers remain clean all day, then
gradually reduce the area that is papered. Start removing the paper that is furthest away from his
chosen location. Eventually you will only need to leave a few sheets down in that area only. If he ever
misses the paper, then you've reduced the area too soon. Go back to papering a larger area or even
the entire room. Once your puppy is reliably going only on the papers you've left, then you can slowly
and gradually move his papers to a location of your choice. Move the papers only an inch a day. If
puppy misses the paper again, then you're moving too fast. Go back a few steps and start over. Don't
be discouraged if your puppy seems to be making remarkable progress and then suddenly you have
to return to papering the entire room. This is normal. There will always be minor set-backs. If you stick
with this procedure, your puppy will be paper trained.

House Training When You ARE Home
When you are home but can't attend to your puppy, follow the same procedures described above.
However, the more time you spend with your puppy, the quicker he will be house trained. Your
objective is to take your puppy to his toilet area every time he needs to eliminate. This should be about
once every 45 minutes; just after a play session; just after eating or drinking; and just upon waking.
When he does eliminate in his toilet area, praise and reward him profusely and enthusiastically! Don't
use any type of reprimand or punishment for mistakes or accidents. Your puppy is too young to
understand and it can set the house training process back drastically. Don't allow your puppy freedom
outside of his room unless you know absolutely for sure that his bladder and bowels are completely
empty. When you do let him out, don't let him out of your sight. It is a good idea to have him on leash
when he is exploring your home. He can't get into trouble if you are attached to the other end of the
leash. Every 30 minutes return your pup to his toilet area. As your puppy becomes more reliable about
using his toilet area and his bowel and bladder

Potty training puppies and dogs with a crate gets results. Crate training is easy and saves furniture
and carpets while house breaking your new puppy.
House training can be the most challenging part of owning a puppy. If your lucky you show your puppy
where to “go” and he/she catches on immediately and the two of you live happily ever after.
Unfortunately for most of us this never happens. House training continues to be a challenge for many
new puppy owners. I think the best and easiest way to potty train is through crate training. Below are
the steps to properly crate train your puppy.

What is crate training? - Crate training is a form of house training or potty training that is very popular
right now. It's safe for the puppy and it works. Basically when you are not at home, sleeping, or
otherwise involved, puppy goes in a crate. Dog crates can be purchased at pet stores or on-line, I've
had good luck at garage sales. They also come in many styles, much depends on how much you're
willing to spend. The style doesn't matter so much as the size.

What size of crate do I need? – When it comes to crates size matters. The crate should only be big
enough for the puppy to stand up, turn around, and lay down. No bigger. If the crate is too big then the
puppy can sleep in one spot and potty in another. The idea is the puppy will not potty where it sleeps.
Location for crate – The crate should be placed in an area of the house where the family spends a lot
of time. A family room is a good spot. Dogs are naturally pack animals, they want to be where the pack
is. Another good location would be your bedroom, that way the puppy is sleeping in the den with the
rest of the pack.

Introducing the crate – When first introducing the crate don't shove the puppy in, let the puppy make
the first move to go in the crate. Place something familiar inside, a t-shirt with your smell and some
favorite toys. Start by placing it's favorite food or treats inside so the puppy wants to go in for the treat,
leave the crate door open at this time. Slowly start to shut the door when the puppy is inside – just for
a few seconds at first and then for longer periods of time when the puppy is ready.

Make the crate a happy place – When first starting crate training the crate should be made a “happy
place,” it should not be used as a punishment. Making the crate a good thing in the puppy's mind will
make it easier for you to train; the puppy won't fight to go in the crate and once the puppy is used to
the crate it won't cry when left alone. Feeding meals in the crate is a good idea – the puppy will think
food and crate go together. Make sure you take puppy outside to potty before you leave and after it
eats. A special toy it only gets in the crate is also a good idea,  a good treat idea that keeps them
busy. Take the special toy away when you get home, this toy is only for crate time.

Leaving the puppy – Keep the puppy crated while you are not at home – working, running errands, etc.
Also crate at night when everyone is asleep. The puppy and your carpet and furniture will be safer if
the puppy is crated then if left out. Puppy's can cause a lot of damage in a short amount of time and
could get into a toxic substance or ingest something that becomes a foreign body, my advice is to crate
until the puppy can be trusted.

How long is okay to be left in the crate? - Many dogs are left all day and do okay. Ideally the puppy will
be let out about every 4 hours or so. Longer then that is to much, think about how small their bladder
must be. When potty training take them outside as often as possible. During training you'll have to
come home for lunch to let the puppy out or have a pet sitter do it for you. A puppy is a big
responsibility, just like a new baby.

Whining in the crate – The puppy is going to whine at first. This can get really annoying, especially at
night, I'm telling you this now so you'll be prepared. The puppy may need to go potty, try this first – this
is a go potty then right back in the crate and to bed trip outside, not play time. It is okay to give a treat
for going potty outside though. If puppy doesn't need to potty then it just wants out of the crate. Ignore
the cries and whines, if you give in now you are teaching the puppy that when it cries it gets let out of
the crate. If you give in once the cries will be louder and longer next time. The key is to ignore, it will
Good luck with your potty training.
Feeding Information

When taking puppy home not to add
further stress to the puppy continue the
same food for a while until puppy becomes
well adjusted to new home. Then gradually
switch food by putting a little of new food in
and taking old food out until the transition
is complete taking up to two weeks.

Feeding on a schedule will make the potty
training easier.

Just a quick note on feeding the small
breeds. Please be aware that they need to
be fed more often to prevent
hypoglycemia. When they get a little older
they can be fed twice a day.
For very small puppies I recommend
feeding free choice.